Atheists object to those who believe in the existence of God, saying that though the existence of God cannot be conclusively disproven, neither can the existence of Santa Claus, the tooth fairy, or unicorns. Those who are critical of theism often object on principle, presenting their ideas as diametrically opposed to the idea of belief in the unseen. However, on closer analysis, we find that they themselves, in fundamentals, are actually in agreement with the religious principles to which they object.
Belief in the unseen is a necessary prerequisite in all fields of material progress. Every scientific discovery has taken place on the basis of this principle. Consider the earth: there was a time when the concept of the world being round was an idea that was beyond comprehension. It was then, in view of a hypothesis, that Galileo made an inferential leap, and he believed that this idea was possible. The belief in that possibility, though not based on conclusive proof, was founded on inferences from observations. At that time, this idea was condemned by those who failed to comprehend the true philosophy of belief in the unseen and took an approach of excessive skepticism. It was
This principle of belief in the unseen is not restricted to the scientific realm alone but encompasses all aspects of life in which progress occurs. Each time we, as individuals or as a society, take a step forward, it is based on belief in the unseen. Whether it was political revolutions or the pursuit of nuclear power, whether it is an entrepreneur pursuing an opportunity or a child taking his first step, every action in the pursuit of progress is based on some inferences and observations which, though incomplete in-and-of-themselves, collectively indicate towards a hidden possibility.
Those who succumb to fears and doubts and fall prey to excessive skepticism fall into mediocrity, unable to take the inherent risk necessary in every step of progress. On the other hand, those who make the inferential leap into the possibilities of the unknown are those who achieve greatness in every field of progress.
Similar is the case with belief in the existence of God. The evidence which theists present are not proofs that unequivocally prove the existence of God, nor are they meant to be. Rather, they are sufficient evidence to necessitate pursuing the possibility of God. The purposeful organization of the universe, the improbability of random progress, the logical necessity of a cause of all causes, the testimonies of individuals throughout history, etc. these observations are not meant to prove the existence of God as a fact, but that the existence of God is a valid hypothesis, a hypothesis that is our scientific responsibility to investigate. Newton’s observation of a falling apple did not prove the existence of gravity, but it did necessitate the pursuit of the idea. The evidence in support of the existence of God does not establish His
Concerning this principle, Allah the Almighty states in the Holy
It (the Holy Quran) is a guidance for the righteous, Who believe in the(Surah al-Baqarah, 2:3–4)
The serious pursuit of the possibility of the existence of God is a basic responsibility of every rational individual. Those who believe in the unseen are consistent in their beliefs; they apply this principle in both the material and spiritual world.